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LRL Home - Legislators and Leaders - Texas Legislators: Past & Present - Member profileprinter friendly versionreturn to screen view

John Ireland John Ireland
Full Name: John "Oxcart John" Ireland
Date of birth: January 1, 1827
Date of death: March 15, 1896

Terms of Service top
Chamber District Dates of Service Legislatures Party City/County Note Counties in District
S 27 Jan 13, 1874 - Apr 18, 1876 14th (1) (2) (3) (4)   Democrat Seguin / Guadalupe Senate President Pro Tempore (14th)   Caldwell, Gonzales, Guadalupe, Hays
H 27 Jan 14, 1873 - Jan 13, 1874 13th   Democrat Seguin / Guadalupe   Caldwell, Gonzales, Guadalupe
(1) 14th Legislature - Senate President Pro Tempore, elected 1/13/1874, Regular Session, due to the vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor; and elected 2/15/1875, 2nd Regular Session, due to the extended absence of the President. Senate Journal.
(2) Entire Senate went up for reelection due to Senatorial redistricting. Ordinance adopted by Constitutional Convention of the State of Texas, 1875. Remained in effect from its passage until first reapportionment after 1880 Census. University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History. Apportionment Laws of Texas, 1836-1950, 1950.
(3) 14th Legislature, Regular Session - 1/13/1874, pp. 1-2. Listed in group of "Senators elect" that took the oath of office. "Upon calling the roll of Senators by the Secretary, the following Senators answered to their names, came forward, presented their credentials, took the oath of office, administered by Judge Livingston Lindsey and took their seats," Senate Journal.
(4) "Because of the adoption of the new constitution [of 1876], any member of the 14th Legislature who wished to continue to serve had to run for reelection," p. 220. The Texas Senate: Volume II, Civil War to the Eve of Reform, 1861-1889, 1999.
Biographical Notes and Resources top
Biographical Sketches
  • Biographical sketch and portrait, pp. 306-311. Birth date 1/1/1827. Bench and Bar of Texas, 1885.
  • Biographical sketch. Collections of the Archive & History Department of the Texas State Library, Executive Series, Governors' Messages, Coke to Ross (Inclusive), 1874-1891, 1916.
  • IRELAND, JOHN (1827-1896). Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Biographical sketch and portrait, John Ireland, Associate Justice, Texas Supreme Court, 1875. Justices of Texas, 1836-1986 (Tarlton Law Library, The University of Texas at Austin), 2004.
  • Biographical sketch, pp. 66-67. Birth date 1/1/1827. Personnel of the Texas State Government for 1885, 19th Legislature, 1885.
  • Portrait and biographical sketch. Personnel of the Texas State Government with Sketches of Representative Men of Texas, 22nd Legislature, 1892.
  • Biographical sketch, pp. 230-231. Texas Legislative Manual, 1882-83, 1883.
  • Ireland, John. Also known as "Oxcart John." Birth date 1/1/1827 on headstone, death date 3/15/1896. Texas State Cemetery.
  • Biographical sketch, portrait, letter from the Adjutant General on the fence-cutting wars, message to the Legislature on the new State Capitol, and photo in front of the temporary State Capitol, Portraits of Texas Governors, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
  • Military Service Notes
  • Mentioned in EIGHTH TEXAS INFANTRY, Handbook of Texas Online.
  • Biographical sketch, pp. 42-43. Texans Who Wore the Gray, 1907.
  • Confederate States Army, Lieutenant Colonel, 8th Texas Infantry. John Ireland, birth date 1/21/1827, death date 3/15/1896. Texas Burial Sites of Civil War Notables: A Biographical and Pictorial Field Guide, 2002.
  • Biographical sketch and portrait, pp. 20, 104, Plate No. 67. Birth date 1/21/1827, death date 3/15/1896. Texas in the War, 1861-1865, 1965.
  • Other Resources
  • Governor of Texas 1883-1887. Legislative Reference Library, Governors of Texas, 1846-present.
  • Included on list of "Texas Know Nothing Leaders with a Summary of Biographical Data Taken from the . . . United States Eighth Census, 1860." The party was active at the state level in Texas in 1855 and 1856. "By 1857 the party had virtually disappeared in Texas." "An Analysis of the Texas Know Nothings," Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 414-423. Southwestern Historical Quarterly.
  • Portrait. Texas Jurists, 1836 - 1936, 1936.
  • Photographs
  • Photograph. John Ireland, Texas Jurists Collection
  • Photograph. John Ireland, 13th Legislature, DeGolyer Library, SMU, Lawrence T. Jones III Collection.
  • Photograph. John Ireland, 13th Legislature, State Preservation Board
  • Photograph. John Ireland, 14th Legislature, State Preservation Board
  • Composite Photographs on Display in the Capitol
  • 13th session composite photo of Senate and House members (Ground floor elevator vestibule, east wall. GW.V3). State Preservation Board.
  • 14th session composite photo of Senate and House members (Ground floor elevator vestibule, east wall. GW.V3). State Preservation Board.
  • 13th session composite photo of Senate and House members (Ground floor elevator vestibule, east wall. GW.V3). State Preservation Board.
  • Pictorial Monogram of the State Government of Texas 1873 (DeGolyer Library, SMU, Lawrence T. Jones III Collection). DeGolyer Library, SMU, Lawrence T. Jones III Collection..
  • Committee Informationtop
    14th R.S. - 1874
    Comptroller and Treasurer  
    Comptroller's and Treasurer's Accounts  
    Congressional Districts  
    Constitutional Amendments  
    Internal Improvements  
    Judiciary (Chair) 
    Mexican Border Troubles  
    Public Debt  
    Removal of Judge J.B. Williamson, 6th Judicial District  
    Removal of Judge Martin Wheeler, 5th Judicial District  
    13th R.S. - 1873
    Claims and Accounts  
    Communication from the Governor  
    Constitutional Amendments  
    Immigration Laws and Bureau of Immigration  
    Impeachment Managers, John G. Scott, Judge of the Tenth Judicial District (Chair) 
    Impeachment of John G. Scott, Tenth Judicial District, Investigation of Charges (Chair) 
    Internal Improvements  
    Judiciary No. 2 (Chair) 
    Late Honorable Louis Frankee, Assassination (Co-Chair) 
    State Indebtedness to the International and Texas Pacific Railroad Companies (Chair) 

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