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Penitentiary Investigating - 37th R.S. (1921)

Committee Members


  • Investigate conduct of the state penitentiary affairs and especially as to the treatment or mistreatment of the convicts by officers and employees of the institution.
  • Investigate the killing of George W. Ludwig and Jack Baldwin, both convicts, by prison guards at the Eastham Farm on 7/22/1921.*

* This represents an abstract of the report contents. Charge text is incomplete or unavailable.


Appointed by Lieutenant Governor 2/3/1921 and by Speaker 2/4/1921 pursuant to SCR 10 by Williams, Hertzberg, and Bledsoe. Excerpt from Senate Subcommittee No. 2 chaired by McNealus printed in Senate Journal, 37th Leg., p. 546 but NcNealus not named as committee member by Lieutenant Governor. HCR 34 adopted by the Senate 3/7/1921 extended time period for committee's investigation. Preliminary report was submitted to the 37th Legislature on 3/12/1921 with final report, accompanied by a minority report, submitted to the 37th Leg., 1st C.S. on 7/30/1921.

SR 4 by Hertzberg, 37th Leg., 1st C.S. referred report of the killing of two convicts at the Eastham Prison Farm to Penitentiary Investigating Committee of the 37th Leg., R.S. Subcommittee of the Investigating Committee handled hearings and report signed by Subcommittee members Sen. Hertzberg and Sen. Teer. Report submitted by full committee included a minority report by Lewis. Subcommittee report also found at H.J. of Tex., 37th Leg., 1st C.S. 466 (1921)

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