HBA-RBT H.B. 2158 76(R) BILL ANALYSIS Office of House Bill AnalysisH.B. 2158 By: Dukes Criminal Jurisprudence 3/30/1999 Introduced BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Some Texans are submitting false identities when they are arrested. These individuals may be tried, convicted, and incarcerated under someone else's identity or a false name. Some citizens have lost their voting privileges and other common rights as a consequence. Currently, there is no requirement for a defendant to prove their identity during the criminal jurisprudence process. H.B. 2158 requires defendants to produce a driver's license and a social security card and to prove their identity. If these materials are unavailable, they must present a certified copy of their birth certificate. Finally, if a birth certificate is unavailable, the law enforcement agency must do a fingerprint analysis to ascertain the defendant's identity. If the defendant does not provide any of the required documentation, the court will ask the defendant to make a sworn statement as to the defendant's identity. RULEMAKING AUTHORITY It is the opinion of the Office of House Bill Analysis that this bill does not expressly delegate any additional rulemaking authority to a state officer, department, agency, or institution. SECTION BY SECTION ANALYSIS SECTION 1. Amends Chapter 26, Code of Criminal Procedure, by adding Article 26.071, as follows: Art. 26.071. DETERMINATION OF DEFENDANT'S IDENTITY. Requires the defendant or the counsel for the defendant to present to the court a copy of the defendant's social security card and a copy of the defendant's driver's license or identity card issued by a governmental entity to assist the court in determining the true identity of the defendant when the name of the defendant is called at arraignment. Requires the defendant to present to the court a certified copy of the defendant's birth certificate if the defendant or the counsel refuses or is unable to present copies of both documents. Requires the court to require the law enforcement agency having custody of the defendant to attempt to identify the defendant by comparison of the defendant's fingerprints to fingerprints maintained by the Texas Department of Public Safety if the defendant or the counsel refuses to or is unable to present the copy of the birth certificate. Requires the law enforcement agency to confirm that the identity provided the court by the defendant is the defendant's true identity, indicate to the court that the identity provided the court by the defendant is not the defendant's true identity and provide the court with the defendant's true identity, or inform the court that it is unable to determine the defendant's true identity. Authorizes the court to require the defendant to make a sworn statement stating the defendant's identity at any time. SECTION 2. Effective date: September 1, 1999. Makes application of this Act prospective. SECTION 3. Emergency clause.